(b Moscow, 1 Mar. 1863; d Pushkin, or Detskoye Selo, 17 Apr. 1930)
Russian painter and designer. He designed both opera and ballet for the Imperial Theatres in St Petersburg and Moscow, although his most famous commissions were for Diaghilev's Ballets Russes: Fokine's Firebird (1910) and the Act II Swan Lake production (with Konstantin Korovin) in 1911. He also designed Fokine's Jota Aragonesa (1916) and Lopukhov's Solveig (1927).