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An artificial poetic style cultivated by the major Spanish poet Góngora (Luis de Góngora y Argote, 1561–1627), especially in his Fábula de Polifemo y Galatea (1613) and in his unfinished Soledades (1627). It is remarkable for its Latinate syntax and diction, archaism, mythological allusions, and sumptuously colourful imagery. In the heated debates over style in the early 17th century, Gongorism was mocked relentlessly by the poet's younger rival Quevedo, who characterized it as a kind of culteranismo, i.e. an over-refined or affected manner. See also baroque, mannerism.

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Literature.

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