Josiah Gorgas


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(1818–83) Confederate army officer, born in Running Pumps, Pennsylvania. As chief of ordnance, Gorgas enacted policies of importation, industrial expansion, and blockade running that turned the South from an area virtually devoid of manufacturing facilities and centralized supplies to one capable of meeting the demands of the many large Confederate armies. Earlier in his career Gorgas played a significant role at the siege of Veracruz (1847) during the Mexican War (1846–48).


From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Warfare and Defence.

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