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A monastery near Metz, founded in 748 by St Chrodegang. After difficulties in the 9th cent., it was revived and built up by Adalbero I, Bp. of Metz (929–62), and became a centre of monastic reform. It has become customary to describe the observances which it promoted as ‘Gorzian’ in contrast with those of Cluny. Its leaders put themselves at the disposal of patrons, both lay and episcopal, who invited them to take charge of and reform monasteries in their domains. Such houses did not form a network of institutions; they were associated chiefly by bonds of confraternity and mutual prayer.

Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

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