French family of artists.
(1) Jean de Gourmont I (b Carquebut, Manche, c. 1483; d c. 1551). Engraver, draughtsman, painter and possible goldsmith. He was the most distinguished member of the family. He worked in Paris (c. 1508–20) together with his brothers Robert and Gilles de Gourmont; subsequently he was in Lyon (1522–6). His engravings have been identified with those of the monogrammist JG; this is confirmed by the portrait of Cardinal Charles de Bourbon (c. 1551, see Linzeler and Adhémar, no. 26), where this monogram is followed by the inscription ourmont fe, completing his name. Three of his plates bear the word Alion. His engraved work, executed with very fine and close lines, comprises c. 30 pieces, two of which, St Barbara and St Sebastian (la 10, 11), are copies after Marcantonio Raimondi (c. 1470/82–1527/34). There is also a portrait of Charles, Cardinal de Guise-Lorraine (1575, la 27) and several arabesque strips (la 28), which may be part of a collection published by the Gourmont family in Paris in 1546: Le Livre des moresques, intended for goldsmiths, engravers, painters and embroiderers.
From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Renaissance Art.