The Ruthven estates were in Perthshire and the family, protestant by religion, formed part of the English interest. He was the leader in 1582 of the Ruthven raid and held the king prisoner for ten months. An ill‐judged reconciliation with Arran in 1584 led to his downfall and he was executed at Stirling. His sons were involved in the Gowrie conspiracy in 1600, both being killed.
Subjects: British History.