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John Ernest Grabe

(1666—1711) patristic and biblical scholar


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(1666–1711), Anglican divine of German birth. Born and educated at Königsberg, where he was appointed Privatdozent in 1685, he was led to question the validity of Lutheran orders and contemplated becoming a RC. On the recommendation of P. J. Spener, however, he made his way to England in 1697 in the belief that here he would find a Church possessing the apostolic succession. He was ordained to the priesthood and entered into close relations with the Nonjurors, but without losing his esteem for the Establishment. A royal pension having been soon settled on him, Grabe gave himself up to research into the texts of the Bible and the early Fathers. His published writings included Spicilegium SS. Patrum, ut et haereticorum, seculi post Christum natum I, II, et III (2 vols., 1698–9), editions of the First Apology of St Justin (1700) and of St Irenaeus (1702), and an edition of a considerable portion of the Septuagint based on the Codex Alexandrinus (1707–9).

From The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Christianity.


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