Two senses of the word ‘graft’ are relevant to sports studies.
1. Hard work; a good trainer and all-out team player can be complimented as committed and hard-working.
2. Corrupt practice, fraud, or criminal activity in the unofficial economy; John Sugden's Scum Airways: Inside Football's Underground Economy (2002) is an illuminating investigative exploration of the world of UK-based ticket touts (or scalpers, as the USA terms them) in the world of international football.
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