American newspaper proprietor. Following the suicide of her husband in 1963, she took control of the Washington Post, and was publisher of the paper 1969–79. She gave full backing to her editor Benjamin Bradlee's decision to publish the so-called ‘Pentagon Papers’, the Pentagon's own ‘secret history’ of the Vietnam War, in defiance of both legal advice and the US government, and gave full support to the journalists Woodward and Bernstein during their 1972 investigation of the Watergate scandal, support which led to the exposure and fall of US president, Richard Nixon. Her reign at the Washington Post proved the power of the media to unseat even the most powerful man in the world. See also media power.