monthly literary journal founded at Philadelphia as Atkinson's Casket, was an unimpressive miscellany until 1839, when it was purchased by George Rex Graham (1813–94). After he merged it with Burton's Gentleman's Magazine (1840), it became one of the best periodicals in the country. Poe was literary editor of Graham's Magazine (1841–42), and increased its circulation from 5000 to 37,000. Among his contributions were such acute criticism as his review of the Twice-Told Tales; stories including “The Murders in the Rue Morgue,” “A Descent into the Maelström,” and “The Masque of the Red Death”; and poems including “To Helen.” R. W. Griswold supplanted Poe (1842–43), and later editors included Bayard Taylor and C. G. Leland. The success of the magazine demonstrated the feasibility of paying liberally for contributions, so that it had such contributors as Lowell, N. P. Willis, Bryant, Cooper, Longfellow, C. F. Hoffman, Paulding, and Simms. It was also noted for its colored fashion plates and the engravings of John Sartain.