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Is the Latin term denoting the professional teacher of language and literature, esp. poetry; ‘grammarian’ is a misleading translation. After their initial appearance at Rome (late 2nd–early 1st cent. bc) Latin grammaticī came to serve as instructors of upper‐class boys with responsibility: for teaching correct Latinity via the grammatical handbook (ars), for giving line‐by‐line explication of poetic texts, and (often) for providing preliminary exercises in composition, before their pupils advanced to the rhetor. Commonly slaves and freedmen in the earliest period, grammatici later more often belonged to the ‘respectable’ classes (honestiores), like the children they taught. See education, roman; linguistics, ancient.

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Classical Studies.

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