(1776–1850). French architect. He settled in Brazil as part of the artistic mission introduced by King John VI (1816–26) to elevate public taste. A Neo-Classicist, he studied with Percier and Fontaine, and was architect to Napoleon's brother, Jérôme (King of Westphalia from, 1807–13), until 1808. He designed the Roman Arch (1816), Customs House (1819–26), and many eclectically Classical buildings in Rio de Janeiro. The first Professor of Architecture at the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts in Rio, he introduced a Beaux-Arts curriculum there. He wrote Recueil des plus beaux Tombeaux exécutés en Italie pendant les XVe et XVIe siècles (1813), and Architecture de la Toscane (1815).
From A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture in Oxford Reference.