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Grand Mufti


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Also known as shaykh al-Islam. The term refers to the leading mufti serving in an advisory capacity to state and court. The position was first institutionalized by the Ottoman Empire in 1433. The grand mufti originally served as personal religious adviser to the sultan; he became head of ulama under Mehmed II and was given the power to appoint other ulama in the mid-sixteenth century.

Subjects: Islam.


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