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Fruit of varieties of Vitis vinifera. One of the oldest cultivated plants (recorded in ancient Egypt in 4000 bc). Can be grouped as dessert grapes, wine grapes, and varieties that are used for drying to produce raisins, currants, and sultanas (see fruit, dried). Of the many varieties of grape that are grown for wine making, nine are considered ‘classic varieties’: cabernet sauvignon, chardonnay, chenin blanc, merlot, pinot noir, riesling, sauvignon blanc, sémillon, syrah. A 100‐g portion is a source of copper; provides 0.5 g of dietary fibre; supplies 60 kcal (245 kJ). North American muscadine grape is V. rotundifolia, and slip skin grape is V. labrusca.

Subjects: Medicine and Health — Cookery, Food, and Drink.

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