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Graptolithina


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; phylum Hemichordata)

A class of extinct, colonial, marine organisms which secreted a chitinous exoskeleton with characteristic growth bands and lines. The complete skeleton (colony) is referred to as a rhabdosome. They first appeared in the Middle Cambrian and are last known from the lower Carboniferous. The class comprises two principal orders: true (graptoloid) graptolites (Graptoloidea), which are important zonal fossils in Ordovician and Silurian rocks; and the dendroid graptolites (Dendroidea).

Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences — Earth Sciences and Geography.


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