(b Wahrenbrück, Saxony, 1704; d Berlin, 1759).
Ger. tenor and composer. Sang as ten. at Brunswick Opera 1725, but became 2nd Kapellmeister there 1726 and wrote several operas. Entered service of Crown Prince Frederick at Rheinsberg 1735. When Frederick (the Great) became King, Graun was made cond. of Berlin Royal Opera, 1740, for which he wrote 26 It. operas, incl. Rodelinda (1741), Cesare e Cleopatra (1742, revived Berlin 1992), and Ezio (1755), and dramatic cantatas. Also wrote Passion‐cantata Der Tod Jesu (1755). Instr. works incl. hn. conc.