(b Paris, 26 Mar. 1699; d Paris, 20 Apr. 1773).
French draughtsman, engraver, and painter, active for several years (1732–45) in London, where he became the leading book illustrator of the day. He worked on more than 50 English books, including John Gay's Fables (1738) and Samuel Richardson's Pamela (1742), one of the first novels to be illustrated. On Pamela he worked in collaboration with his friend Hayman. His other friends included Hogarth and he taught at the St Martin's Lane Academy, where Gainsborough was among his pupils. Although not an artist of outstanding talent, he played an important role in introducing the French Rococo style to England.