great council and king's council

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great council and king’s council

ROSE, William (1847 - 1910), Emeritus Professor of Surgery and Member of Council in King’s College, London; Consulting Surgeon: King’s College Hospital; Royal Free Hospital; High Wycombe Cottage Hospital; London, Brighton and South Coast Railway Co.; Great Eastern Railway Co.; Eagle Insurance Co.; Surgeon-Captain Queen’s Westminster Rifles

BARCLAY-SMITH, Edward (died 1945), late Professor of Anatomy, University of London; Emeritus Professor, 1927; Fellow, and Member of the Council, King’s College, London; late Chairman of the Board of Intermediate Medical Studies, and of the Board of Human Anatomy and Morphology, University of London; late Representative of the Council of King’s College on Committee of Management, King’s College Hospital; late Hon. Secretary of Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland; member Association des Anatomistes; one of the Editors of the Journal of Anatomy, of Buchanan’s Manual of Anatomy, and of Buchanan’s Dissection Guide; Fellow of the Cambridge University, Philosophical Society, etc

STILL, George Frederic (1868 - 1941), Fellow and Member of Council of King’s College, London; Physician Extraordinary to the King since 1937; Consulting Physician for Diseases of Children, King’s College Hospital; Consulting Physician to Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street, WC, to Infants’ Hospital, Vincent Square, to Dr Barnardo’s Homes and Society for Waifs and Strays; Emeritus Professor of Diseases of Children, King’s College, London

Gascoyne-Cecil, Robert Arthur Talbot (1830 - 1903), Lord Privy Seal from 1900; High Steward of Westminster from 1900; Chancellor of University of Oxford from 1869; member of Council of King’s College, London; Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, and Constable of Dover Castle from 1895; High Steward of Great Yarmouth from 1888; Elder Brother of Trinity House from 1886; Hon. Colonel 4th Battalion Bedfordshire Regiment, from 1868 [1st Baron, y s of William Cecil, Lord Burleigh and High Treasurer under Elizabeth, became Secretary of State under her and James I, and then his Lord High Treasurer; 4th Earl was ordered by the Commons to be impeached for high treason for becoming a Roman Catholic, but the prosecution was not proceeded with, 1689; 2nd Marquis became Lord President of the Council, 1858–59]

MOORHEAD, Thomas Gillman (1878 - 1960), Consulting Physician to Mercer’s Hosp., Dublin and Steevens Hospital, Dublin; Regius Professor of Physic, Univ. of Dublin, since 1926; Vice-Pres. of Council of Alexandra College; late President Royal College of Physicians of Ireland; President British Medical Association; President Irish Medical Schools and Graduates Association; Member General Medical Council; Member Irish Medical Council; Chairman Dublin Clinical Hospitals Joint Committee; Chairman Board of Governors Sir Patrick Dun’s Hospital, Dublin; late Pres. Assocn of Physicians of Great Britain and Ireland; Vice-Pres. Royal Irish Academy; late Director National Cancer Campaign (Ireland); late Visiting Physician, Sir Patrick Dun’s Hospital, Dublin, and Royal City of Dublin Hospital; late Pres. Leinster Branch British Medical Association; Consulting Physician National Children’s Hospital, Dublin, and Clonskeagh Hospital; late Hon. Consulting Physician to the Forces in Ireland; late temporary Lieutenant-Colonel RAMC; Professor of Medicine, Royal College of Surgeons; Censor in Medicine, Royal College of Physicians, etc.; King’s Professor of Materia Medica and Member of Board, Trinity College, Dublin

BLAIR-BELL, William (1871 - 1936), Commander, Royal Order of the Star of Roumania; President, Royal Infirmary, Liverpool, 1935; Consulting Gynæcological and Obstetrical Surgeon, Royal Infirmary, Liverpool; Emeritus-Professor of Obstetrics and Gynæcology, University of Liverpool, Professor, 1921–31; Honorary Consulting Director of the Liverpool Medical (Cancer) Research Organization; Chairman of Foundation Committee and First President, British College of Obstetricians and Gynæcologists; Past President, Section Obstetrics and Gynæcology, Royal Society of Medicine; Past President, North of England Obstetrical and Gynæcological Soc.; Past President, Liverpool Medical Institution; formerly Chairman, Medical Faculty, University of Liverpool; sometime Member, Board of Directors of Journal of Obstetrics and Gynæcology of the British Empire; sometime Member of the Council of Rossall School; Chairman, Executive Committee, British Congresses of Obstetrics and Gynæcology; Fellow, King’s College, London; Hon. Foreign Membre Société Belge de Gynécologie et d’Obstétrique; Hon. Fellow Edinburgh Obstetrical Society, American Gynæcological Society, Chicago Gynæcological Society, American Gynæcological Club, American Medical Association, and several medical societies in Great Britain; sometime Examiner in Gynæcology and Obstetrics, Manchester University, Royal Colleges of Surgeons and Physicians, London, Durham University, University of Wales, and to Belfast University


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Elementary prudence dictated that medieval monarchs should seek the advice of their greatest subjects and should be seen to have their support. Anglo‐Saxon monarchs had the witan. Norman and Plantagenet monarchs had their council, under various names. As business became more complex, councils tended to divide into specialized bodies. Two bodies have been suggested, the great council and the king's council (curia regis). The great council began as a meeting of the tenants‐in‐chief and barons and was largely advisory. Consequently a more specialized council developed, consisting of household officers. This was the king's council, though it was not formally an institution with defined functions until the later 13th cent.

The king's council survived and coped with an ever‐increasing volume of business. In the 16th cent. it threw off the Star Chamber to take over more judicial work, and in Henry VIII's reign developed into the Privy Council, with a small membership of hard‐pressed administrators, meeting most days. For a hundred years it was the main engine of executive government, but after the Restoration it began to lose ground to the cabinet.

Subjects: British History.

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