Greek colonels

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human rights

Makarios III (1913—1977) Greek Orthodox archbishop and president of Cyprus

Konstantinos Karamanlis (1907—1998)


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  • Contemporary History (Post 1945)


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The military regime of Greece, 1967–74. It was brought about by a military coup on 21 April 1967, ostensibly in order to secure Greece against a Communist takeover. They filled the government, administration, and military with their own supporters, who were ill-qualified to run the country. Administrative chaos was papered over by repression, censorship, and the violation of human rights. The divisions within the military junta were exposed in 1973, when the leader of the regime, Georgios Papadopoulos, was deposed in a coup of 1973 by Brigadier Dimitrios Ionanides. Harassed by international pressure and internal demonstrations, he attempted in 1974 to stir nationalist support in his attempt to overthrow Archbishop Makarios III of Cyprus. This led directly to the Turkish invasion of the island and its subsequent division. The regime became untenable, forcing Ionanides to ask Karamanlis to supervise a return to democratic rule.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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