An architectural style inspired by the architecture of classical Greece. It began in Europe, stimulated by the archaeological rediscovery of Greek architecture which gathered momentum from the early 18th century onwards. The style first manifested itself in mid-18th-century England in the Scottish architect James Stuart's garden buildings at Hagley Hall and Shugborough. By the turn of the century it was being widely adopted for urban planning schemes and new public buildings in both Europe and the United States. The Scottish capital city of Edinburgh took to the style so enthusiastically that it came to be known as the ‘Athens of the North’, exemplified by W. H. Playfair and C. R. Cockerell's unfinished National Monument astride Calton Hill, a conscious evocation of the Parthenon. It was Cockerell who is credited with the first use of the phrase ‘Greek Revival’ in a lecture he delivered in 1842 to the Royal Academy in his capacity as Professor of Architecture there.