(1855–1921), English photographer and inventor of early cinematographic apparatus, although most authorities now dismiss the claim that he was the inventor of ‘commercial kinematography’. During the 1880s, he worked with the lanternist J. A. R. Rudge. In 1889, with Mortimer Evans, he patented an apparatus for taking ‘photographs in rapid series’, which some saw as the beginnings of the cinema. In fact, Marey and Le Prince had already anticipated his ideas, and it has been shown that his apparatus was incapable of successfully synthesizing motion. Other interests included stereoscopic cinematography, colour cinematography, and electrical printing without ink.
From The Oxford Companion to the Photograph in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Photography and Photographs.