Ballet, or ‘dance of death in eight scenes’, with choreography and libretto by Jooss, music by Frederick Cohen, and designs by Hein Heckroth. Premiered 3 Jul. 1932 by the Folkwang Tanzbühne at the Théâtre des Champs-Elysées in Paris, with Jooss, Uthoff, Elsa Kahl, Lisa Czobel, and Karl Bergeest. The ballet, which begins with a group of black-suited diplomats arguing around a green table, makes a powerful attack on the futility of war and its horrific consequences for the general population. It won first prize at the inaugural choreographic competition organized by Rolf de Maré and Les Archives Internationales de la Danse in Paris. The ballet became Jooss's signature work and he staged it many times over the years, including a production for the Joffrey Ballet in 1967. His daughter, Anna Markard, staged it for Les Grands Ballets Canadiens in 1991 and for Birmingham Royal Ballet in 1992.