NT scholar. From 1775 he was professor of the New Testament at Jena. In 1775–7 he published an edition of the Greek NT in which, for the first time in Germany, the ‘Textus Receptus’ was abandoned, and thereby laid the foundations of all subsequent work on the Greek text. His theory that St Mark was the latest of the Synoptic Evangelists was revived in the 20th cent., but is accepted by few scholars.
Subjects: Biblical Studies.