Rufus Wilmot Griswold


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(1815–57), born in Vermont, was a prominent Philadelphia and New York journalist, editing Graham's Magazine (1842–43) and The International Monthly Magazine (1850–52). As the literary executor of Poe, he wrote a biography, which was partly malicious and partly false, and in his edition (1850) of the poet's works published some letters in which he made interpolations favorable to himself. His compilations, The Poets and Poetry of America (1842), The Prose Writers of America (1847), and The Female Poets of America (1849), although often faulty in critical judgment, remain valuable for the student. His other works include a social history, The Republican Court, or American Society in the Days of Washington (1855).

From The Oxford Companion to American Literature in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Literature.

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