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Louis IX (1214—1270)

Edward I (1239—1307) king of England and lord of Ireland, and duke of Aquitaine




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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)


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The silver penny was displaced by heavier fine-silver coins, in Italy with grossi (c.1200), in France with Louis IX’s gros tournois (1266), and in England with Edward I’s groat (1279). See also money and coinage.


Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

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