Early medieval barrow cemeteries with prehistoric antecedents on the north bank of the River Ālande some 10 km inland from Liepāja on the Baltic coast. Surveys and excavations between 1984 and 1989 by Juris Urtāns and Valerij Petrenko have revealed that the earliest traces of occupation comprise a grave of the late Neolithic Corded Ware Culture stratified below burials of the 5th to the 13th centuries ad in the Atkalni I cemetery.
The largest and most impressive cemetery is the barrow cemetery at Priediens (also called Pastorāts or Priedulāji) on the eastern outskirts of modern Grobiņa. Recent surveys show that there are at least 2000 round barrows ranging in size from 3 to 15 m across and 0.1 to 1.4 m high. Excavations over the last century or more reveal the presence of single and double burials, cremations and inhumations. The grave goods are very rich and include swords, spearheads, helmets, belts, brooches, neck‐rings, suspension plates, chains, bracelets, necklaces, combs, keys, and pottery. A unique stone stele was found in one of the mounds, similar in form and decoration to the picture‐stones of Gotland. A broadly contemporary area of settlement in the form of ‘dark‐earth’ deposits is known along a 2 km stretch of the north bank of the Ālande.
V. Petrenko and J Urtāns, 1995, The archaeological monuments of Grobin‚a. Riga and Stockholm: Latvian Cultural Foundation and the Museum of National Antiquities