Giovanni Gronchi


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Benito Mussolini (1883—1945) Italian Fascist statesman, Prime Minister 1922–43

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(b. 10 Sept. 1887, d. 17 Oct. 1978).

President of Italy 1955–62 One of the founders and leaders of the Popular Party, he joined parliament after World War I. A member of Mussolini's first government, he resigned in protest over the Matteotti murder and led his party into the Aventine Secession. In 1943 he helped found the Christian Democrats (DC) and became one of their representatives in the CLN. On the left wing of the party, he was Minister for Industry and Trade (1944–6), and in 1948 was elected president of the Chamber of Deputies. He was a widely respected Italian President, and continued to exert considerable influence after his retirement.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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