(b nr. Brest‐Litovsk, now Brest, 1884; d Los Angeles, 1964).
Russ.‐born Amer. composer and pianist. Début as pianist with Berlin PO, 1912. Gave up concert touring for comp. on return to USA. Head of comp. dept., Chicago Mus. Coll., 1930–3. Comps. strongly influenced by jazz. Success with opera The Emperor Jones (based on O' Neill play), NY Met 1933. His vn. conc. was written for Heifetz. Also wrote film scores. Comps. incl.: The Emperor Jones (1933); Green Mansions (for radio) (1937); Volpone (1945); operas; 5 syms. (1919–48); The Hill of Dreams, orch. (1921); Jazz Suite (1929); 2 pf. concs.; vn. conc. (1944); 2 vn. sonatas; str. qt.; pf. quintet; pf. pieces incl. Jazzberries, 6 Jazz Epigrams, etc.