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Henry Grove

(1684—1738) Presbyterian minister and tutor


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Henry Grove was born in Taunton, Somerset on 4 January 1684 and died there on 27 February 1738. A Presbyterian divine, he was the youngest of fourteen children of an upholsterer. His grandfather Edward Grove was ejected in 1662 from Pinhoe, Devon; his uncle John Rowe, from a lectureship at Westminster Abbey in 1660. On leaving Taunton Grammar School, where he especially enjoyed Latin and Greek, Grove entered the town's dissenting academy in 1698, under Matthew Warren, a moderate Calvinist. In 1703 he proceeded to his cousin Thomas Rowe's academy at Moorfields, London. At Taunton the standard texts were those of Derodon, Burgersdyck and Eustachius, but Grove also read Le Clerc, Cumberland and Locke. At Moorfields, despite Rowe's Cartesian zeal, Grove became a decided Newtonian, and also mastered Hebrew. A friendship begun with Isaac Watts at Moorfields lasted until Grove's death, despite his cautions against the over-emphasis in some of Watts's hymns on the saving work and compassion of Christ at the expense of the love of God.

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From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Philosophy.


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