Sofia Gubaidulina

(b. 1931)

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(b Chistopol, Tatar, 1931).

Russ. composer. In 1975, with Artyomow and Suslin, founded Astreya, a group which improvised on rare Russ., Caucasian, and Central Asian folk instr. Her Stufen for orch. won first prize at Rome int. comp. competition 1975. Regarded, with Schnittke and Denisov, as one of leaders of Soviet mus. since death of Shostakovich. Has wide literary interests and her music is influenced by religious faith. Comps. incl.: Fatseliya, sop., orch. (1956); pf. quintet (1957); Chaconne, pf. (1962); Allegro rustico, fl., pf. (1963); sonata, pf. (1965); Night in Memphis, mez., male vv., orch. (1968); Musical Toys, pf. (1969); Fairytale Poem, orch. (1971); str. qts.: No.1 (1971), No.2 (1987), No.3 (1987), No.4 (1990); Roses, sop., pf. (1972); conc., bn., low str. (1975); conc. for sym. orch. and jazz band, with 3 sop. (1976); Light and Darkness, org. (1976); Hour of the Soul, perc., mez., orch. (1976–88); Misterioso, 7 perc. (1977); Sounds of the Forest, fl., pf. (1978); De profundis, bayan (1978); In croce, vc., org. (1979); Offertorium, vn. conc. (1980, rev. 1982, 1986); sonata (Rejoice!), vn., vc. (1981); 7 Words, vc., bayan, str. (1982); Quasi hoquetus, va., bn., pf. (1984); Stimmen … Verstummen …, sym. in 12 movts., orch. (1986); Hommage à T. S. Eliot, sop., octet (1987); Answer without Question, 3 orchs. (1988); Jauchzt vor Gott, ch., org. (1989); Oration for the Age of Aquarius, opera‐ballet‐oratorio (1991); Jetzt immer Schnee, cantata, vv., instr. (1993); Zeitgestalten (Figures of Time), orch. (1993–4); va. conc. (1996); Two Paths: A Dedication to Mary and Martha, 2 va., orch. (1998); Johannes‐Passion, soli, ch., orch. (2000); The Light of the End, orch. (2003); Verwandlung, tb., sax. qt., vc., db., tam‐tam (2004); The Deceitful Face of Hope and Despair, fl., orch. (2005); Feast during a Plague, orch. (2006).

Subjects: Music.

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