(b. 11 Nov. 1845, d. 28 July 1922).
French socialist Born as Jules Bazile, he supported the Paris Commune of 1871 and went into exile after its failure, where he became converted to Marxism. After his return to France in 1876, he founded the Parti Ouvrier Français (POF, French Workers' Party) in 1880 which rejected social reform as a dangerous palliative that would stave off the inevitable demise of the capitalist system. After his election as Deputy for Roubaix in 1893 he became more pragmatic. In 1905 he agreed to the merger of the socialist parties to form a united Socialist Party (SFIO). The SFIO subscribed to the Marxism of Guesde, but in practice followed the more moderate ideas of his rival Jaurès.
Subjects: Literature — Contemporary History (Post 1945).