American architect of Armenian birth. He studied in Vienna and settled in Paris in 1920 where he became a colleague of Mallet-Stevens. He gained recognition with his designs for a Boutique Simultanée and for a garden at the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs in 1925, as a result of which he was commissioned to design a garden at Hyères (reconstructed in 1990), in which Art-Deco and Egyptianizing elements appeared. He designed the Villa Heim, Neuilly, outside Paris (1927–8), where the garden was broken up into small areas, including part on the roof. He was appointed Secretary-General of CIAM by Le Corbusier in 1928, but resigned in 1933 when he was appointed by the Shah City Architect and Planner of Teheran, beginning that city's transformation into a modern capital. He worked with Connell, Ward, & Lucas in England for a brief period from 1937, and after the 1939–45 war collaborated with Pingusson on the reconstruction of Saarbrücken. He emigrated to the USA in 1948 and concentrated on teaching.
Imbert (1993);Jane Turner (1996);Vitou et al. (1987)