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(Mozart: Così fan tutte). Bar. Engaged to Fiordiligi, whose sister is engaged to his friend Ferrando. The two men accept a wager from Don Alfonso that he can prove that all women are fickle, including the two sisters. Guglielmo and Ferrando pretend to go to war and return disguised as Albanians. They pursue the sisters, but each is after his friend's fiancée, so Guglielmo wins over Dorabella. She gives him her locket (which contains Ferrando's portrait), as a token of her feelings for him. A bogus double wedding is arranged, the notary being the sisters’ maid, Despina, in disguise. After signing the marriage contract (in which Guglielmo is named as Tizio), the men leave the room and return as themselves, back from battle to claim their own fiancées. Confusion ensues—who will now pair off with whom? Arias: Non siate retrosi (‘Do not be so reluctant’); Donne mie, la fate a tanti (‘Dear ladies, you treat so many men like this’). As Ferrando appeals to tenors, so this role attracts the deeper vocal ranges, from baritone to bass‐baritone. Among the many famous names associated with the part are Roy Henderson, Willi Domgraf‐Fassbänder, Rolando Panerai, Erich Kunz, Sesto Bruscantini, Walter Berry, Hermann Prey, Sherrill Milnes, Geraint Evans, Knut Skram, Håkan Hagegård, Thomas Allen, Thomas Hampson, Anthony Michaels Moore, Simon Keenlyside, and Gerald Finley. Created (1790) by Francesco Bennuci.

Subjects: Opera.

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