Hector Guimard


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French Art Nouveau architect, he was influenced by Viollet-le-Duc and Horta. He designed Castel Béranger, 16 Rue de la Fontaine, Paris (1894–9), an apartment-block of rubble, coloured brick, stone, and faïence, with an entrance in a fully developed Art Nouveau style, causing the building to be christened Castel Dérangé (Mad Castle). His Paris Métro-Station entrances (1899–1913), featuring metal that seemed to grow from the stone, modular prefabricated construction, and bizarre, almost surreal lamps, made his works familiar, although many have been destroyed. The decorations of his own house, the Hôtel Guimard, Avenue Mozart, Paris (1912), perhaps were his most exquisite creations.

Brunhammer et al. (1975);Brunhammer & Naylor (1978);Graham (1970);Guimard (1907, 1992);Rheims & Vigne (1988);Tschudi-Madsen (1967);Thiébaut (1992)

Subjects: Art — Architecture.

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