Also known as the Charter of Gulhane. Declaration made as part of Ottoman reforms protecting the rights and property of subjects. Affirmed the restoration of shariah as law; instituted protections of life, honor, and property; fixed taxation according to wealth; granted all subjects the right to public trial and verdict; promised an even distribution of military service across the population; and extended rights to all subjects, whether Muslim or non-Muslim. Often cited as a hallmark of religious pluralism within the Ottoman Empire, demonstrating the protection of the rights of all subjects, regardless of religious creed, despite the state's affiliation with Islam. It is viewed as a major document of the Ottoman Tanzimat (reorganization).
See also Tanzimat