Gumelnita Culture

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Late Neolithic and Copper Age communities of the period 3800 bc to 3000 bc in the eastern Balkans and lower Danube. Contemporary with Vinča D and level VI at Karanovo. Their settlements were often of tells situated in low‐lying areas, as at the type‐site itself. Others are flat sites enclosed by a square‐shaped earthwork. In all cases the houses are characteristically rectangular in plan, sometimes with an anteroom at one end. They are close‐set with passageways between. Pottery includes a variety of coarse‐gritted fabrics as well as fine graphite‐painted wares. Ceramic anthropomorphic figurines are also represented. Metal objects include copper chisels and axe‐hammers. There is evidence for emerging social differentiation, particularly visible in the diversity of grave goods and the fact that in cemeteries such as that at Varna some graves contain exceptionally high levels of wealth in terms of the artefacts represented.

http://web.culture.fr/culture/arcnat/harsova/en/dobro3.htm Information on this Chalcolithic central European culture and its type‐site in Romania.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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