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Shaykh Abubakar Gumi

(d. 1992)


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(d. 1992)

Leader of the Izalah fundamentalist movement in Nigeria. Grand qadi of northern Nigeria during the First Republic. Taught and preached a return to the Quran and hadith after retiring in the 1960s. Became a popular radio star. Criticized traditional Sufi orders, local religious practices, and modernizing secularism. Translated the Quran into Hausa. Emphasis on non-Arabic Quranic interpretation helped to develop a specifically modern and Nigerian interpretation of Islam. Took a legalistic approach to Islam, opposing innovation and emphasizing the necessity of direct individual access to the Quran. Revived interest in re-creating either the Sokoto caliphate or the Medina model in the lives of individuals and political communities in Nigeria. Revived the early Islamic emphasis on education of women.

See also Muslim Student Association (Nigeria)

Subjects: Islam.


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