(b Berlin, 1890; d Tokyo, 1973).
Ger. composer and conductor. Cond. at Essen 1911–12, Augsburg 1912–14, and Bremen 1914–27. His comps. were banned by the Nazis. Went to Japan 1939, forming Gurlitt Opera Co. Works incl. 9 operas (incl. Wozzeck, 1920–5, prod. Bremen 1925), Goya Symphony (1938), Shakespeare Symphony (choral) (1954), pf. quintet, chamber conc., and songs.