Scottish painter. In the 1880s and 1890s he was one of the Glasgow Boys and made Impressionist-influenced paintings of rural life, close to the style of Clausen (Little Villagers, 1884, Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Ghent). For a few years he also kept a studio in London, but in 1902 he was elected president of the Royal Scottish Academy (the youngest person ever to hold this office) and moved to Edinburgh. He retired from the post in 1919 and intended devoting himself quietly to his own work, but later that year he received a commission from the National Portrait Gallery in London that occupied him for most of the rest of his life. This was for the huge group portrait Statesmen of World War I, completed in 1930, shortly before his death.
From A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art in Oxford Reference.