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County of the south‐east Wales border, which has had a singularly complex administrative history. Its basis was the Welsh kingdom of Gwent. It was quickly seized by the Anglo‐Normans moving west after 1066 and a series of lordships created in both upper (Gwent Uwchcoed) and lower (Gwent Iscoed) Gwent. These were merged in 1536 to form the new county of Monmouthshire. After the Local Government Act of 1972, Wales was defined formally to include Monmouthshire, which was renamed Gwent. The county town was moved from Monmouth to Cwmbran. In 1996, in yet another reorganization, Gwent was divided into four new unitary authorities, Blaenau Gwent, Torfaen, Monmouthshire (reviving the old name), and Newport. See also Monmouthshire.

Subjects: Religion — British History.

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