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A large estate with a dwelling-house, originally given by monarchs in Latin America as a reward for services done. Such estates are known as estancias in Argentina and fazendas in Brazil. The first major eruption of violence, calling for the break-up of the haciendas, occurred in Mexico in 1910. Most Latin American countries experienced similar demands during the 20th century, and they have remained a major political issue.

Subjects: History of the Americas.

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