Zaha Hadid

(b. 1950)

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(1950– ).

Iraqi architect, trained at the Architectural Association, London, under Koolhaas, and working in the UK. She has long been associated with Deconstructivism. Her work often seems restless, even fragmented, with surfaces apparently slashed as though with a knife, and bereft of visual stability, but some commentators have noted strengths in her designs based on an apparent expansion of energy-charged space, extending outwards into infinity though others would dispute anything of the sort. Typical of her rather jagged style are the designs for The Peak Club, Kowloon, Hong Kong (1982–3—Competition drawings), the realized Monsoon Bar, Sapporo, Japan (1988–9), the Vitra Fire Station, Weil-am-Rhein (1991–3), and the Cardiff Opera House (1993–5—Competition drawings). Other works include extensions to the Dutch Parliament buildings, The Hague (1978–9), IBA housing, Berlin (1983), Landesgartenschau Pavilion, Weil-am-Rhein (1998–9), and the Contemporary Art Museum, Cincinnati, OH, USA (2000–3). Another Centre for Contemporary Art in Rome (begun 2001) was completed in 2005. Other works include the BMW plant, Leipzig (2002–5), the Science Centre, Wolfsburg (2002–5), the Science Hub Master-Plan, Singapore (2002–5), and various schemes, e.g. the Guggenheim Museum, Taichung, Taiwan (from 2003), the Maggie Centre, Kirkcaldy, Fife (from 2003), the Sheikh Zaayed Bridge, Abu Dhabi (from 2004), a gallery, bar, and apartments, Hoxton Square, London (from 2004), Project Herault Culture Sport, Montpelier, France (2003), the Riverside Museum, Glasgow (from 2004 expected to be completed 2009), the headquarters for the Architecture Foundation Centre, Southwark, London (from 2005), and the concert-hall and casino, Basel, Switzerland (from 2005).

Hadid et al. (2001);Jencks (2002); Mr (1995);Mönninger et al. (2000);Schumacher & Fontana-Giusti (eds.) (2004)

Subjects: Architecture.

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