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Dynasty of North Africa, centered in Tunis; reigned 1229–1574. The family was able to gain independence and support because of the role it played in establishing Almohadism. Tunis became the intellectual center of the Maghreb under Hafsid rule, and an important madrasa system was established. Maliki law and mysticism were strong. Andalusian and Christian merchant communities also thrived and were influential under the Hafsids. Though the dynasty survived the onslaught of a Crusade led by St. Louis, it eventually declined and fell under Ottoman rule because of the excesses of its rulers, the plague, revolts, and infighting.

Subjects: History — Islam.

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