(b Augsburg, 21 July 1578; d Augsburg, 23 July 1647). German dealer, collector, writer, political agent and diplomat. Although his father, Melchior Hainhofer (1539–83), a Protestant cloth merchant, was ennobled by Emperor Rudolf II in 1578, the family did not belong to the Augsburg patriciate. After studying in Padua, Cologne and the Netherlands, Philipp founded his own cloth business (1601) in Augsburg and was elected to the Greater Council (1605) of the city. His trade, mainly in Italian silk but also in objects of vertu and luxury articles of all kinds, brought him into contact with German princes. In 1607 he succeeded his uncle, Hieronymus Hörmann (1544–1607), as correspondent to Henry IV, King of France, and later became political agent to several other rulers, including Philip, Duke of Pomerania-Stettin, and Augustus, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He also undertook diplomatic missions for his patrons, representing them at ceremonial and political gatherings. His urbanity and flexibility, extensive knowledge of languages and profound humanist education made him well suited to such missions. Although a devout Lutheran, he did not hesitate to work for Catholic princes.
From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Renaissance Art.