(1) A generic term indicating a ruler, sovereign, or governor. The Arabic root of the word usually connotes judgment or adjudication. Historically, a common title taken by persons in positions of juridical authority. Principal term for a judge. (2) One blessed with profound understanding of the divine guidance for human life and perspicacity born from knowledge and experience and characterized by the undertaking of good deeds; one whose pronouncements are consistent with the truth. Also a traditional physician, theosophist, or philosopher.