Related Overviews


'Ḥāl' can also refer to...


More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Islam


Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

Condition or state of being; pl. ahwal. Used by Sufis to refer to the transitory spiritual state of enlightenment or ecstasy resulting from passage along the way to mystical knowledge of God. Considered a gift from God, as opposed to an acquired stage (maqam). Although the recipient may not have deliberately sought this state, reception of it is typically understood to be the result of a definite, disciplined rule of life. Hal is often described as a trancelike state and can be either voluntary or involuntary. Some Sufis engage in ecstatic behavior while in this state, making it suspect to more legalistic interpreters of Islam.

See also Maqam

Subjects: Islam.

Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.