1st earl of Halifax, Charles Montagu

(1661—1715) politician

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Though of aristocratic background, Montagu achieved political recognition through matchless powers of oratory and a measure of machiavellian trickery. Entering Parliament in 1689, he soon achieved prominence as a court manager, becoming a Treasury commissioner in 1692, chancellor of the Exchequer in 1694, and 1st lord of the Treasury in 1697. Accusations of malversation forced his resignation in 1699, but in the year following he was created baron. An attempt to impeach him in 1701 failed. Throughout Anne's reign he was a Junto leader in the Lords, and at George I's accession (1714) was reappointed 1st lord and made an earl.

Subjects: British History.

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