Fitzedward Hall was born in Troy, New York on 21 March 1825 and died in Marlesford, Suffolk on 1 February 1901. He was educated at the Rensselaer Institute where he obtained a degree in civil engineering in 1842; his subsequent studies at Harvard were cut short by a voyage to Calcutta in pursuit of a runaway brother. Shipwrecked in the mouth of the Ganges, his enforced sojourn in Calcutta led to his learning Persian, Hindustani, Bengali, and Sanskrit, and he became an Orientalist almost in spite of himself. He accepted a post at the government Sanskrit College at Banaras, where he was appointed Professor of Sanskrit in 1853, and where his growing interest in Hindu philosophy was encouraged by the Principal, James Robert Ballantyne. He assumed responsibility for the inspection of schools in the Saugor and Nerbudda territories, where he saw action during the Sepoy Revolt. He received the honorary degree of DCL from Oxford in 1860, and in 1862 settled in London as Professor of Sanskrit, Hindustani and Indian Jurisprudence at King's College, as India Office Librarian, and subsequently as civil service examiner in Hindustani, Hindi, Sanskrit and English.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.