An archaeon species that can be easily cultured. It grows readily at 40°C–50°C on a well aerated tryptone-yeast extract-salt medium. Its genome has been recently sequenced and shown to consist of a large chromosome (2,014,239 bp) and two minichromosomes (191,346 bp and 365,425 bp). The chromosomes are a home for a total of 91 insertion sequences (q.v.) belonging to 12 different families. The genome contains 2,682 coding genes, and 972 of these are URFs. Among the genes with known functions are many that encode proteins which control the active transport of anions and cations. See Classification, Archaea, Euryarchaeota; Chronology, 2000, Ng et al.; halophiles.
Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.