Chicago-born proletarian novelist, whose Union Square (1933), about economic pressures on workingmen, artists, and agitators, tended to satirize radicalism, toward which his later books are sympathetic. On the Shore (1934) contains semi-autobiographical sketches of Chicago. The Foundry (1934) deals with workers in a Chicago electrotype foundry during the year preceding the 1929 stock market crash, and The Chute (1937) deals with workers in a mail-order house. Sons of the Fathers (1940) depicts the strain of America's entrance into World War I upon a Jewish immigrant who hoped his sons would never know war; Only an Inch from Glory (1943) deals with the frustrations of four New Yorkers; and The Golden Watch (1953) tells of a boy growing up in Chicago before World War I. Little People (1942) contains stories about Chicago clothing-store employees. Later novels include Atlantic Avenue (1956), about physical and emotional violence in Brooklyn and along New York's waterfront, and The Fourth Horseman of Miami Beach (1966), about lonely, middle-aged men. Good-Bye, Union Square (1970) is a memoir.